What are wisdom teeth and why to remove them?

Third molars or wisdom teeth are the last teeth to develop in the mouth, after second molars. As they appear during a person`s late teens or early twenties, they are historically called wisdom teeth. Many times, human jaws are not normally large enough to accommodate four wisdom teeth. These teeth are being eliminated through the evolution of humans. This lack of space is the etiology why wisdom teeth cause more problems than any other teeth in the mouth, as they cannot get into their correct position.

Must wisdom teeth always be removed?

No. If wisdom teeth settle in the correct position, they can be an additional and perfect part of your dentition. The problem starts when they don`t get into the correct position, and stay fully or partially impacted.

What are the problems associated with wisdom teeth?

Partially impacted wisdom teeth can develop “pericoronitis” which is associated with pain and infection. Other associated issues are damage to the adjacent teeth by either forming a periodontal pocket, resorption, or cavity on the second molar. Some totally impacted teeth can develop cysts, as the surrounding follicle can get enlarged and form a cyst, which hollows the jaw.

When is the best time to remove wisdom teeth?

The answer is sooner the better. Ideal age is late teens and early twenties. As the person grows older, the extraction becomes more difficult as the bone tends to get denser. Also healing after the surgery would be slower and complications can become more frequent or severe. This is why sometimes asymptomatic wisdom teeth are recommended by the doctor to be removed before problems arise.

Is the surgery painful?

Wisdom teeth removal is routinely done under IV SEDATION while you are sedated to have a pleasant experience with the surgery. You will be provided adequate pain killer and anti-inflammatory medication to minimize the discomfort after the surgery.

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